Hajj According to Prophet Mohammad

All thanks are due to Allah Alone and may He bless and give His Salam to his worshiper and Messenger our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) along with his people, Companions find those who will follow him in righteousness to the Day of Judgement.
O you who wants to perform Hajj: I pray to Allah to give us and you success in whatever He accepts and is pleased with; and I pray that  He gives you protection against all that causes one to go astray. Likewise I pray to Allah to give all of you success in performing your rituals in the way that pleases Him, and to accept your Hajj," may He return you to your countries safely" 

 Truly the most important obligations and the greatest requisite is Oneness of Allah and sincere commitment to him in all forms of worship, with commitment to follow his Prophet (pbuh) in his sayings and deeds; you should perform the rituals of Hajj and other acts of worship in the way Allah demands it of you through the tongue of his Messenger, beloved and best of his creatures, our Prophet Muhammad bin Abdullah (pbuh).Verily, the greatest abomination and the most dangerous crime is to associate partner to Allah and to worship in part or wholly to any one else other than Him, Allah says in His Book: 

"Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases " (V,4:48) . 

 Truly our Prophet (pbuh) never performed Hajj after his migration to Madinah except once and that was Hajjat-ul- Wada. (farewell pilgrimage) and that was at the end of his life and in that Hajj he taught the Muslims how to perform the Hajj rituals in his saying and deed; and (in this regard) He (pbuh) said to the Muslims: 
"learn your rituals from me ".
it is therefore an obligation upon Muslims to follow the Prophet (pbuh) in the performance of Hajj and that is by performing the rituals in the way that he has prescribed for them because he is the one to lead us to the right way and Allah has sent him as a grace for the whole world and an authority for all believers. So Allah has commanded His worshipers to follow him and He (Allah) has made it clear that following the Prophet (pbuh) is the reason for entering Jannah (Paradise) and escaping Jahannam (hellfire).  

 When it was the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah the Messenger (pbuh) set to go from Makkah to Mina answering the Call Labbaik and he ordered his companions to set for Hajj from their houses and to get going to Mina. But he did not order them to make the Tawaf-al-Wada ' (farewell Tawaf). This is proof that it is Sunnah for the residents of Makkah who want to make Hajj to proceed to Mina answering the Call Labbaik for Hajj. But it is not obligatory for them to make the Tawaf-al-Wada' (farewell Tawaf). 

It is really cherished desire for a Muslim upon putting on Ihram for Hajj to do what he did in Miqat and that is cleaning, washing and applying perfume. The Prophet (pbuh) commanded Aishah may Allah be pleased with her to do that when she wanted to get set for Hajj. She had made Ihram for Umrah and she went into her monthly period upon entering Makkah ; she was therefore excused from making the Tawaf to be made before going to mina. So the Messenger (pbuh) ordered her to take a bath and set for Hajj. and she did that and it became the link between Hajj and  Umrah. The Messenger (pbuh) prayed Zuhr. Asr, Maghrib, Isha and Fajr prayers with his  companions may Allah be pleased with them in Mina without combining them. But they made those of four Rak'ah two 

Rak'ah.- It is Sunnah for the Hujjaj to answering the Call Labbaika for Hajj. make busy oneself in remembering Allah, reciting Qur'an and anything of the kind like making Da'wah and to command good deeds and refrain from the evil ones and also doing favour to the poor . 

At sunrise on the day of Arafat the  Messenger (pbuh) along with , his Companions went to Arafat;  some of them answered the Call  and others made Takbir. When he ;; reached Arafat he stayed in a cupola of hair and the Prophet (pbuh) took shelter under it. This shows that the Hujjaj are allowed to be sheltered in a tent, trees or any shelter of the sort. In the afternoon the Prophet (pbuh) mounted his Qaswa (camel) and he addressed people from there; he reminded them of and taught them the rituals of Hajj and warned them against Riba (usury) and the deeds of Jahiliyah (ignorance). he told them that their blood, their wealth and their personal effects are Haraam (unlawful)  for each other. He commanded the believers to hold firmly the Qur'an and the Sunnah " of the Prophet (pbuh).
Therefore, it is obligatory on every Muslim to abide by this instruction and adhere to it steadfastly wherever they are. It is also binding on Muslim rulers that they should follow the Qur'an and Sunnah in letter and spirit and rule by it in all the matter concerning them. They should oblige their people to seek to be guided by Qur'an and Sunnah and that is the way to get honour, dignity and success in this world and the Hereafter. Then the Prophet (pbuh) led prayers of Zuhr and Asr combining them and shortened them to only two Rak 'ah, that is to say he prayed the two (Zuhr and Asr) with one Adhan and two Iqamah. Then he went to the stand and mounted his beast praying and making Dhikr till the sunset and he was not fasting that day. From all the above we learn that it is legitimate for Hujjaj to do as the Prophet (pbuh) did in Arafat and to make a lot of Dhikr, Dua'a and they should not fast; it is correctly reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said:
"There is no day more free from Hell-fire than the day of Arafat; Allah gets closer to his worshipers and the , angels take pride in them. "
It is further narrated that the Prophet (pbuh)  said that Allah says on the day of Arafat to the angels:
 "Look at my worshipers and  my slaves! They have come ruffled and dust laden in search of My Mercy; I bear witness to you that. I have forgiven them." 

He (the Prophet (pbuh)  ) said:
 "Here I stand and all of Ararat is a place for standing." 

Then after sunset the Messenger (pbuh)  proceeded (answering the Call) to Muzdalifah and he prayed in it Maghrib as usual three Rak'ah and Isha two Rak'ah with one Adhan and two Iqamah. He slept there and prayed Fajr prayer there and the Sunnah and then he went to the Al- Mash'ar-al-Haram (place of the cult) and he made a lot of Dhikr and he made Takbir and glorified  Allah; he raised his hand in prayer  and said:
 "Here I stand and whole of Jama is a place for standing (as an act of worship)." This shows that all Muzdalifah is a standing place for the Hujjaj and all those making Hajj spend the night there, make Dhikr there and he seeks Allah's forgiveness there; so there is no need for the Hujjaj to go to the place where the Prophet (pbuh) stayed. The Prophet (pbuh) permitted the weak and invalids to leave Muzdalifah for Mina in the second half of the night. This shows (proves) that there is nothing wrong in the weak going to Mina earlier to avoid the hardships and congestions. 

They can also throw the Jamrat at night as this was testified by Ummo Salamah and Asma bint Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with them Asma bint Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with them recounted that the Prophet (pbuh) gave women the permission to go and when the day broke he , went to Mina answering the Call  (in the process) and his destination was the Jamrat of Aqabah and he  threw at it seven pebles making  as he was doing that. Then he slaughtered the Hady (sacrificial
animal) and he then shaved his  hair then' Aishah may Allah be pleased with her perfumed him, then he went to Ka'bah and made Tawaf He was asked on the day of slaughter about the verdict or ruling on  whoever slaughters before throwing  the Jamrat and whoever shaves before slaughtering and whoever makes Tawaf al-ifadah before , throwing; to all these questions he answered:
"There is nothing wrong".
A narrator said: On that day -whenever he was asked on what came before or after the other, his only answer was "Do so, there is nothing wrong with that". A man asked him: "0 Messenger of Allah, I made my Sa y before Tawaf ; the Prophet (pbuh)   answered its not bad." From here we learn that it is Sunnah for the Hujjaj to start on the day of Eid with throwing of Jamrat. then slaughtering (if they have to) then they either shave or trim; but shaving is better than  trimming because the Prophet (pbuh) asked Allah to forgive and have mercy  for the shaven ones three times and he prayed only once those who only trimmed . 

With shaving the Hujjaj make the first stripping of the lhram and they put on ordinary dresses and from there all that is prohibited during the period of lhram becomes permissible except sex. Then he goes to Ka'bah on the Eid day or after it then he makes Tawaf  and he makes Sa 'y in case of performing Hajj-e-tamattu and from there every thing becomes permissible for him even sex. 

But if he is making Hajj-e-Ifrad or , Qiran, then the first Sa'y he made  at the beginning and the Tawaf-al-Qudum (Tawaf of arrival) is  enough. In case he did not make Sa'y at the time he made Tawaf-al- Qudum (Tawaf of arrival) then he should do so when he makes Tawaf of Ifadah. 

Then the Prophet (pbuh) returned to Mina and spent the  remaining day of Eid there and  the 11th  , 12th  and 13th  days and  on each of the three days after the Eid day he threw on each of the Jamrat seven pebbles making Takbir in the process and then praying and raising his hands up in prayers after finishing with the first and second Jamrat making the first on his left and the second on his right during the time of making the Du 'a and he did not stop at the third one. Then he (pbuh) went to AI-Abtah on the l3th day and he performed there Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers.
Then the Prophet (pbuh) moved to Makkah on the last night " and led the Fajr prayer and he made the Tawaf  for farewell then he went to Madinah in the morning of the l4thday. 

From this we learn that it is Sunnah for the person making Hajj to do as the Messenger (pbuh) did on the days of Mina and he throws the three Jamrat each with seven pebbles and he makes Takbir in the process. It is allowed for him to stand after the throwing of the first Jamrah to make Du 'a and raise his hand making the first Jamrah to be on the left and facing Qiblah. And in a similar manner he does after throwing the second Jamrah and he should turn it on his right, and this is only something cherished but not obligatory. The Haji does not stop in the same manner at the third Jamrah. If it is not easy or possible for him to throw the Jamrat in the afternoon hours or before sunset then he should do that within the period of the night of that day and the last hours of that night  

according to the 'Ulama. Whoever  wants to leave on the 12th  day  after throwing the Jamrat can do so, but it is always better to stay on to the 13th  day and make another throwing; it is better because it is what the Messenger (pbuh) did. It is Sunnah for haji to spend  the 11th  and 12th  nights in Mina and this to many Ulama is compulsory. If the Haji has a legitimate excuse like Messengers and shepherds then it is not  obligatory for them to spend the  night in Mina. As for the 13th night it should not be spent at Mina. But if sunset gets the Hujjaj there then the Hujjaj should spend the night there then they depart on the 13th  day and they are not supposed to throw the Jamrat even though they spent the night there.

 When the Haji wants to go back to  his country he has to make the farewell Tawaf and this is in line  with the Prophet's (pbuh)  saying:
 "None among you should depart until  he makes Tawaf  of the Ka'bah at the last thing(before leaving Makkah)." 

The women in menstrual and  puerperal periods are exempted as it is proved on authority of the Ibn Abbas may Allah be pleased with them when he said: He (the Messenger (pbuh) ) ordered people to make their last thing to be Tawaf of the Ka'bah before leaving Makkah except that he exempted the women in menstrual period. 

Whoever delays Tawaf of Ifadah - to the last day of his journey should isolate it from that one of farewell. This is in line with two Ahadith just mentioned. I pray Allah to grant success to you all in whatever pleases Him. And He may accept (worships) from us and from you and He may make all of us be protected against fire. He is protector and has the power over that. May Allah give grace to our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family, and his companions.